Alice Bailly

Alice was born in Geneva, Switzerland in 1872. Here she attended classes at the Ecole des Beaux- Arts (which were separate women’s classes). Munich was another place of study too. She settled down in Paris around 1906, where she became friend with many modernist painters. When fauvism first appeared, she was inspired by it. She ended up using this style’s “bold use of intense colors, dark outlines and emphatically unrealistic anatomy and space” in her paintings.
Bailly developed her own style of cubism at the age of 39. In 1912 her art was displayed in several countries in a traveling exhibition that represented Switzerland. At the start of WW1 she returned to Switzerland and invented "wool paintings," mixed-media works in which short strands of colored yarn imitated brush strokes. She made (aprox.) 50 of these between 1913 and 1922. She later received an award for these and had them displayed in Paris in 1925.
Soon after, in 1923, she moved to Lausanne. She stayed there until her death in 1938. In 1936 she went to paint 8 large murals in the foyer of the Theatre of Lausanne. Doing these gigantic tasks led to exhaustion. This is thought to have made her more vulnerable to the tuberculosis that she died rom 2 years later. In her will she gave a trust fund to help young Swiss artists. She went down in history a one of the most radical artists in Switzerland in the early 20th century.

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